The fractures occurring in bones are common these days. The fracture causes the bones to break in fragments. Some fractures are mild while some occur in severe form. In some persons, the fragments of bone come out of the skin. Such fractures are known as open or compound fractures. Highly-energized trauma or injury mainly results in open fractures. The fracture induces pain, swelling, and stiffness at the affected site.
The open fractures can vary from moderate to severe. In moderate or mild condition, the wound appears to be very small in size. The bone may or may not be visible. They often cause damage to nearby nerves, tendons or other structures in the body. To determine the complexity of fracture, various tests are done. X-rays, MRI scan, blood and urine test helps to view the fracture and analyze proper treatment measures.
Soon after the injury, the doctor prescribes antibiotics to patient. It helps to control pain and other symptoms. In addition, tetanus is given to the patient to avoid chances of infection. The other methods opted to avoid infection are:
Post-to-surgery the patients are advised to stay an overnight in hospital for proper observation. Stiffness, weakness, and some other discomforts are felt by the patient. Medications help to control these symptoms. Use ice packs on the affected area to prevent swelling. During healing process, simple exercises are essential to restore original functionality. Recovery depends upon the type and area of fracture. Also the type of surgery determines the duration of recovery process. Usually it takes 1-2 months for complete fracture recovery.